Wine (from Latin vinum) is an alcoholic beverage made from fermented grapes, generally Vitis vinifera or its hybrids with Vitis labrusca or Vitis rupestris. Grapes ferment without the addition of sugars, acids, enzymes, water, or other nutrients,as yeast consumes the sugar in the grapes and converts it to ethanol and carbon dioxide. Different varieties of grapes and strains of yeasts produce different styles of wine. These variations result from the complex interactions between the biochemical development of the grape, the reactions involved in fermentation, the terroir (the special characteristics imparted by geography, geology, climate, viticultural methods and plant genetics), and the production process. Many countries define legal appellations intended to define styles and qualities of wine; these typically restrict the geographical origin and permitted varieties of grapes, as well as other aspects of wine production.
There are also wines made from fermenting other fruits or cereals, whose names often specify their base, with some having specific names. Wines made from plants other than grapes include rice wine and various fruit wines such as those made from plums or cherries. Some well known example are hard cider from apples, perry from pears, pomegranatewine, and elderberry wine.Judaism also incorporates it in the Kiddush and Christianity in the Eucharist.
Wine Style Guide
Light & Crisp Light to medium bodied wines that are high in acid and light to medium fruit. Typically no oak
Fruity & Smooth Light to medium bodied wines with lots of juicy fruit, typically meduim acid and medium oak.
Rich & Creamy Full bodied wines that have typically undergone malo-lactic fermentation and/or spent time in oak.
Light & Fruity Red wines that are more fruit-forward and lighter in tannin and body.
Smooth & Supple Medium bodied reds that go down easy, with smooth tannins and supple fruit.
Earthy & Spicy Wines where earthy and/or spicy dominate the flavors – typically medium to full body.
Big & Bold Full bodied wines that have concentrated fruit and are higher in alcohol and/or tannins. Some need age.
Great Wine Gifts These selected wines make impressive gifts for enthusiasts and collectors alike.
Green Wines winemaking process, as certified by various domestic and international organizations.
Boutique Wines A wine with no more than 1,000 cases produced and often made by smaller-scale, artisanal producers.
Collectible These wine will improve with additional bottle age, when properly stored, and have the greatest potential to increase in value.
Kosher A Kosher wine begins like every other, as grapes on the vine, but then is made under strict rabbinical supervision.
Screw Cap Screw caps are a convent alternative to traditional cork closures since they require no corkscrew to open.